The entire Montessori curriculum has been divided into following areas:
In other words they mean the real life activities. These activities play a huge role in the development of any child across universe. Naturally you would see a child being inclined towards all the routine chores like sweeping, cooking , washing etc that they see the adults doing in their environment. The sole purpose of existence of a child is to grow up to the adult of his age and time. So when these activities are
it gives a great boost to the confidence and independence . It also opens pathways for their intellectual development , as the results in these activities are very concrete, very obvious. It has activities grouped under the headings - grace and courtesy, care of self & care of environment , all of which are aimed at helping the child to live better. It leads to refine mind-body co-ordination , improve concentration , refine gross and fine motor skills. Lastly it plays a significant role in preparing the child's hand for writing and mind for lot of language activities. It prepares indirectly for mathematics as well.
A human baby explores the world around itself through the use of its five senses, few of which are already developed at birth and few develop gradually. In this area we have a bunch of activities that help the child to refine their recently acquired senses and making use of those to understand the qualities of matter , be it size , shape, dimensions, weight, textures, temperatures, sound, smell etc
So the concepts are gained through the child's own work , using his own being / senses, which leads to a higher level of absorption of these qualities helping the child to classify these properties he had gained so far though the exposure given in his home/social environment. All of this helps the child to understand the world around him in a better way, thereby helping him live in harmony with the world around him.
It also prepares the child for other areas of learning like arithmetic, language , geometry etc
The word "language" in a Montessori environment is quite comprehensive than learning only ABC's or a few words. We work meticulously on the willingness & ability to express i.e. self-expression. Just knowing the few basics of English language but not having the desire to express, will lead the entire learning go in vain. So we look at language development in a great depth. Language work starts from the moment a child enters our environment beginning with a clear precise terms for everything around them (enrichment of vocabulary) to being able to hear the sounds in spoken language (Oral analysis & I Spy) to the ability of making any word using the sounds(Movable alphabets) to finally reach to a level of TOTAL reading (Reading activities). Along with these, we also do writing, grammar as well as word study. We follow a phonetic approach. The curriculum also covers hindi language.
The core purpose of Montessori mathematics is to make the child familiar with the ever feared mathematical concepts using very concrete material, thereby making it a quite fun and friendly activity for them. We aim at creating LOVE for maths which will help them in their later years of studying maths in school. The content covered is quite intensive starting with counting;
progressing to perform all mathematical operations using concrete materials and finally arriving at abstract / mental mathematics with a lot of repeated exercises around these concepts. It also covers concepts like fractions, squares, cubes, tables etc. The entire approach is based on the decimal system of numeration, which is the basis of entire mathematics.
Sky is the limit when we talk about culture. We give the child an exposure to all possible areas of culture like, botany , geometry, zoology , algebra, geography , science, history, art, music etc. again using the sensorial approach. The whole idea is to give the child a wide exposure in the above mentioned areas of study, so that in the later years of high schooling when he has to deal with these subjects, he deals with much familiarity than fear or anxiety.
We also include the following extra-curricular activities :